Policy Analysis of water treatment industry in China in 2017-2021

- Mar 22, 2018 -

In 2016, the release of many environmental protection policies not only promoted the development of the environmental protection industry, but also put forward requirements for the environmental protection industry. Water treatment, as a key area of the environmental protection industry, is crucial to the development of the company.


In 2016, the water treatment industry released many important policies, including:


I. "13th Five-Year Plan" Technical Outline for Water Pollution Prevention in Key River Basins


On January 18, 2016, the Ministry of Environmental Protection issued the "13th Five-Year Plan" Technical Outline for the Prevention of Water Pollution in Key River Basins.


The "Technical Outline" pointed out that at present, the country has initially determined more than 1900 control sections and their target requirements, divided more than 1,800 control units, and basically completed the construction of a water ecosystem management system. All provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government, and cities around the world have already started to prepare and submit approvals for the work plan for water pollution prevention and control in their respective administrative regions to determine the list of rivers that need to be improved and focused on during the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period. Relevant ministries and commissions have separately implemented the “Water Ten Articles”, and have already or will soon form related special work programs, plans, policies, and measures, and various tasks have been successively introduced.


II. "Notice on the Construction of the National Building Standard Design System for Urban Comprehensive Pipeline and Sponge City Construction"


On January 22, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development issued and issued the "Notice on the Construction of National Building Standard Design System for Urban Comprehensive Pipeline Corridor and Sponge City".


Under the new situation and new requirements for deploying sponge-city construction and improving the quality of new-type urbanization in China, the national building standard design is based on the urgent needs of the market, through extensive investigations and solicitation of opinions, combining the development status in various parts of the country, and referring to the advanced foreign development experience, the The "National Construction Standard Design System for Sponge City Construction", which has been reviewed and officially promulgated, will improve the design and construction efficiency of our sponge city, ensure construction quality, and promote the sustainable and healthy development of Sponge City Construction. positive effects.


III. "Special Measures for Central Budgetary Investment Management of Urban Wastewater and Wastewater Treatment Facilities Construction"


April 12, 2016, Notice of the General Office of the National Development and Reform Commission on Printing and Distributing the “Special Administrative Measures for the Central Budgetary Investment of Urban Wastewater and Waste Treatment Facilities Construction”.


In order to further strengthen and standardize the management of urban budget projects for urban sewage treatment and garbage treatment facilities, and improve the use of central funds, and promote the institutionalization, standardization, and scientization of investment within the central budget, the National Development and Reform Commission studied and formulated Measures for the Special Administration of Budgetary Investment in the Construction of Sewage and Wastewater Treatment Facilities.


IV. "Water efficiency leader leads action plan"


On April 21st, 2016, the National Development and Reform Commission issued the “Water Efficiency Lead Leader Implementation Action Plan”.


Leading the water efficiency leader is an important innovation in the water resources management and utilization system. It will promote the continuous improvement of technologies and management in the areas of water products, high water consumption industries, and farmland irrigation, and realize the goal from “really want me to save water” to “I To change the concept of water conservation, promote supply-side structural reforms, and play a positive role in establishing a water-saving production method, lifestyle, consumption model, and promoting ecological civilization.


V. "Water Pollution Prevention and Control Law (Revised Draft)" (Draft for Comment)


On June 12, 2016, the Ministry of Environmental Protection drafted the Water Pollution Prevention and Control Law (Revised Draft) (Draft for Comment).


In order to further promote China’s water pollution prevention and control work and effectively improve the quality of the water environment, in accordance with the National People’s Congress legislative work plan and in accordance with the overall deployment of the State Council and on the basis of careful investigation and study, the Ministry of Environmental Protection drafted the Water Pollution Prevention and Control Law (Revised Draft)”. (Consultation Draft).


The Water Pollution Prevention and Control Law (Revised Draft) (Draft for Comment) consists of 143 chapters. The revision work focuses on the improvement of the quality of the water environment, insists on protection priority, prevention, comprehensive management, and overall coordination. It systematically considers water resources, water environment, and water ecology. The surface water and the groundwater must be treated in the same way. Comprehensive use of administrative, judicial, economic, and other Means. The central government closely coordinates with local authorities. All relevant departments coordinate their efforts. Enterprises and institutions perform their duties in accordance with the law, and society and the public participate in all aspects to jointly promote the continuous improvement of the quality of the water environment.


Sixth, the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for National Science and Technology Innovation"


On August 8, 2016, the State Council issued the "13th Five-Year National Science and Technology Innovation Plan" notice.


The plan should mainly clarify the overall thinking, development goals, major tasks, and major measures of scientific and technological innovation during the “13th Five-Year Plan” period. It is the country's key special plan in the field of science and technology innovation, and it is an action guideline for China to enter the ranks of innovative countries. The National Science and Technology Innovation Plan of the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” clearly puts forward energy conservation and environmental protection projects such as water pollution control and treatment, efficient resource recycling, clean and efficient energy technologies, and ecological environmental protection technologies, involving water pollution prevention, waste heat recovery, and ultra-low emissions. Ecological restoration etc.


7. "Implementation Plan for Clean Production Technologies in Key Water Pollution Prevention and Control Industries"


On September 7, 2016, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the Ministry of Environmental Protection issued and issued the “Implementation Plan for Clean Production Technologies for Key Water Pollution Prevention and Control Industries”.


Industry is an important source of water pollutants production and emissions. Compared with agricultural sources and living sources, industrial sources are characterized by high concentrations of pollutants and difficult governance. Therefore, the focus of water pollution prevention in the industrial sector is to vigorously promote clean production, strengthen source prevention, and reduce the production of pollutants in the production process. It is necessary to formulate a plan for implementing cleaner production technologies, accelerate the popularization and application of cleaner production technologies for advanced industries, guide enterprises to implement clean production technological transformation, and reduce the generation and emission of water pollutants from the source.


VIII. Full text of the Environmental Protection Tax Law of the People's Republic of China (Draft)


On September 3, 2016, the 22nd session of the Standing Committee of the Twelfth National People's Congress conducted the first review of the "People's Republic of China Environmental Protection Tax Law (Draft)".


The "Environmental Protection Tax Law" passed on December 25, 2016 will come into effect on January 1, 1018. Polluting companies will be put on "golden hoops" and are directly subject to economic constraints. The "Environmental Protection Tax Law" is China's first single taxation law to promote the construction of ecological civilization and will be implemented on January 1, 2018. As the first single tax law that specifically embodies the “green tax system” and promotes the construction of ecological civilization, the landing of the “Environmental Protection Tax Law” means that China’s legal system for environmental protection, pollution control, and “green taxation” has been further improved.


IX. "Improvement of Urban Black-smelly Water Body - Guidelines for Treatment of Drainage, Pipelines, and Inspection Wells (Trial)"


In August 2016, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development issued the "Guide to the Technical Guidelines for the Treatment of Drainage, Plumbing, and Inspection Wells (Trial) for Urban Black-smelly Water Remediation."


In order to implement the objectives and work requirements of the city's black-and-odor water bodies identified in the “Water Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan” of the State Council, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development took the lead in the formulation of “Guidelines for the Urban Black-smelly Water Remediation Work”, and proposed the control of source pollution interception, internal control, and ecological restoration. Wait for the task. The control of source pollution interception is the basic work of renovating the city's black and odorless water bodies, and it is also of the highest priority.


X. National Water Saving Action Plan


On October 28, 2016, 9 ministries and commissions including the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Water Resources, and the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development jointly issued a "Water-saving Action Plan for All People".


According to the plan, China will actively use unconventional water sources. In the construction of urban sewage treatment facilities, space for regenerating treatment facilities should be reserved, and regenerative storage and transmission and distribution facilities should be provided in accordance with the layout of reclaimed water users. Accelerate the upgrading of sewage treatment and recycling facilities and increase the scale of high-quality recycled water use. Accelerate the promotion of seawater desalination water as a source of domestic water supply, encourage local governments to support seawater desalination projects, mainly municipal water supply, and implement demonstration projects for seawater desalination. Promote the construction of a sponge city. It also promotes contract water-saving management and encourages specialized service companies to provide water-saving transformation and management for water-using units by raising capital and integrating technologies to form a water-saving service model based on market mechanisms. Encourage water-saving service companies to integrate market resource elements, strengthen business model innovation, and cultivate large-scale, competitive and modern water-saving service companies.


XI. Letter to the "13th Five-Year Plan" for the National Urban Wastewater Treatment and Recycling Facilities Construction Plan (Draft for Comment)


November 14, 2016, Letter from the General Office of the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the General Office of the National Development and Reform Commission on Soliciting Opinions on the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" for Urban Wastewater Treatment and Recycling Facilities Construction (Draft for Soliciting Opinions).


The draft of the Opinions proposes that the main objective is to have sewerage capacity for all city-owned cities, counties and established towns throughout the country by 2020. All city-level cities, counties, and some established towns will have centralized sewage treatment capacity and achieve full coverage of urban sewage treatment facilities. The urban sewage treatment rate reached 95%, and the county town reached 90%; the organization town reached 70%; Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and other regions were completed one year ahead of schedule. By 2020, the utilization rate of reclaimed water will further increase, among which, the general area shall be no less than 15%, the water-scarce area shall not be less than 20%, and the Jing-Jin-Ji area shall not be less than 30%.


12. "Opinions on the Full Implementation of the River Extension System"


On December 11, 2016, the General Office of the CPC Central Committee and the General Office of the State Council issued the "Opinions on the Full Implementation of the River Extension System."


Rivers and lakes have important resource functions, ecological functions, and economic functions. General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that protecting rivers and lakes is related to the well-being of the people and is related to the long-term development of the Chinese nation. Premier Li Keqiang pointed out that river wetlands are the green wealth that nature has given to humanity and must be cherished. The "Opinions" reflect a clear problem orientation, which runs through the concept of green development, clarifies the responsibility of local subjects, and protects various tasks in rivers and lakes management. It has a solid practical foundation and is an important innovation in the water governance system. It is of great significance to strengthen the construction of ecological civilization and achieve sustainable economic and social development.


XIII. “13th Five-Year Plan for the Reform and Development of Water Conservancy”


On December 27, 2016, with the approval of the State Council, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Water Resources, and the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development jointly issued the “13th Five-Year Plan for the Reform and Development of Water Conservancy”.


Zhou Xuewen, Vice Minister of the Ministry of Water Resources, read “The thirteenth five-year plan” for the reform and development of water conservancy. “Planning” mainly includes four aspects. First, water security has risen to the national strategy, and the idea of water management has further sublimated. Second, the comprehensive improvement of water conservancy safeguard capabilities has effectively supported economic and social development. The third is to implement the most stringent water resources management system and promote the development of water ecological civilization. Fourth, breakthroughs have been made in key areas of reform, and institutional mechanisms for water conservancy development have been gradually improved.


XIV. The 13th Five-Year Plan for National Seawater Utilization


On December 30, 2016, the National Development and Reform Commission and the State Oceanic Administration jointly issued the "13th Five-Year Plan for National Seawater Utilization."


The contents of "Planning" involve seawater desalination, seawater utilization, and seawater utilization engineering technology. Zhou Xuewen, Vice Minister of the Ministry of Water Resources, read “The thirteenth five-year plan” for the reform and development of water conservancy. “Planning” mainly includes four aspects. First, water security has risen to the national strategy, and the idea of water management has further sublimated. Second, the comprehensive improvement of water conservancy safeguard capabilities has effectively supported economic and social development. The third is to implement the most stringent water resources management system and promote the development of water ecological civilization. Fourth, breakthroughs have been made in key areas of reform, and institutional mechanisms for water conservancy development have been gradually improved.


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